Artifical Insemination consists in depositing sperm in the patient’s uterine cavity during ovulation. Before insemination the sperm is prepared in the laboratory. It is a simple procedure which requires no more than a normal gynaecological examination, and the results depend on the characteristics of the semen and the couple’s clinical diagnosis
Depending on the source of the semen, AI can be classified in two groups:
- Artificial Insemination by Husband (AIH): sperm from the patient’s husband or partner.
- Artificial Insemination by Donor (AID or DI): In cases where the man in the couple has problems or the woman is single, this is the recommended technique. All donors are anonymous, over 18 and undergo a thorough selection process during which their medical history is studied and tests are requested to avoid genetic malformations or sexually transmitted diseases. The donor semen is selected depending on the blood group, ethnic and physical characteristics of the requesting woman or couple.